Koelreuteria bipinnata is a species of deciduous trees that is native to China and other parts of Asia. This species usually grows to a height between 10-20 meters and can live up to 150 years. Koelreuteria bipinnata commonly goes by the names Chinese Flame Tree, Chinese Golden Rain Tree, and Bougainvillea Golden-rain Tree. The tree produces green leaves that are alternate, bipinnately compound leaves that are oval in shape. During the summer months, Koelreuteria bipinnata trees produce small yellow flowers that have a hint of red around the base. The flowers smell almost as fragrant as they are beautiful to look at. The flowers of Koelreuteria bipinnata are also hermaphroditic. This means you only need to have one tree in your yard in order to enjoy the beautiful pink lantern-shaped papery fruit that contain the seeds.
Koelreuteria bipinnata is most commonly grown for ornamental purposes. The small yellow flowers and pink papery fruit make for a beautiful display. Koelreuteria bipinnata grows well in nutritionally poor soil and requires very little water. The flowers can be used to make a yellow dye. The flowers of Koelreuteria bipinnata have also been used to treat conjunctivitis and epiphora. The seeds can be used as beads for necklaces and other jewelry.
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