Artemisia absinthium is a herbaceous, perennial plant that grows to a maximum height of approximately 4 feet. The plant has fibrous roots and straight stems. This species of Artemisia can commonly be found in temperate regions of Eurasia, Northern Africa, Canada, and the northern United States. This plant prefers dry soil that is rich in nitrogen.
Artemisia absinthium is used as an ingredient in the spirit absinthe, which is why it is commonly called Absinthe or Absinthe Wormwood. This species has also been used in several spirits and wines throughout history and has even been used as a substitute for hops in the 18th Century. The common name Wormwood comes from Artemisia absinthium’s anti-parasitic properties and its history of use as a vermifuge.