Eschscholzia californica is a species of flowering plant from the Papaveraceae family. This species is native to the United States and Mexico. It is also the official state flower of California since 1903. Eschscholzia californica is commonly called California Poppy, Californian Poppy, Golden Poppy, California Sunlight, or Cup of Gold. California Poppy is drought tolerant and most commonly grown as an ornamental plant. Eschscholzia californica seeds are also commonly used in cooking and the pollen from the flowers have been used in cosmetics.
Plant material from California Poppies and extracts of the plant material have been used medicinally by Native Americans. The alkaloids found in Eschscholzia californica have mild sedative and anxiolytic properties. These properties stem from the fact that the alkaloids of California Poppy have an affinity for the benzodiazepine receptors. This extract is a 20:1 powder extract meaning that 20 grams of plant material was used to create 1 gram of powder extract.
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